Blistering and spalling on surfaces with crude plaster; color difference or wave of color on surfaces.
Reason: Application of primer and paint is carried out without performing grinding or scraping, cleaning the loose liquid particles on the surface.
Reason: Paint is applied directly without primer work.
Solution: Grinding should be made using grinding mosaic stones firstly on the surface with crude plaster. Weak liquid particles should be removed from the surface. Then, one coat primer should be applied using Alpina Primer or Alpina Paste Primer for interior surfaces and the primer of the exterior surface paint for exterior surfaces in order to obtain a homogenous surface with the purpose of enabling the paint to adhere to the surface better and preventing color differences and waives. Paint application should be carried out following this procedure.
Cracking and spalling of the paint due to the application of lime whitewash on a surface with crude plaster; color difference or waive of color on the surface .
Reason: Paint is applied directly on lime without primer work.
Solution: Since lime is an absorbent material with characteristics of dusting, primer work should be applied on the surface before applying paint on lime using transparent primers (Alpina Transparent Primer, Betek Satin Gypsum Primer) without combing, then paint should be applied.
Peeling from the surface, cracking in paint, covering problem and formation of roller brush traces in the paint applied on surfaces with satin plaster.
Reason: Paint is applied directly on the surface with satin plaster.
Reason: Perform combing with transparent primer and form gloss film on the surface.
Solution: Since satin plaster is an absorbent material with characteristics of dusting, primer work should be applied on the surface before applying paint using transparent primers (Alpina Transparent Primer, Betek Satin Gypsum Primer) without combing (so, formation of gloss film layer on the surface is avoided).
Peeling of synthetic paint applied on the old synthetic painted surfaces from the surface.
Reason: Paint is applied before sanding the old painted surface.
Solution: Any dirt, fume and glossiness are removed by sanding the old painted surface. Synthetic paint application should be carried out following this procedure.
Appearance of repair areas on synthetic painted surfaces, formation of color differences and peeling on these parts.
Reason: Repairs are carried out with satin plaster on old synthetic painted surfaces.
Solution: Synthetic based synthetic paste (Caparol Synthetic Paste) should be used as the repair material for synthetic systems. Then, Caparol Synthetic Primer and paint applications should be carried out.
Covering and adherence problems during the application of water based paint on old synthetic painted surfaces.
Reason: Transition primer (Alpina Primer or Alpina Paste Primer) is not used.
Solution: Old synthetic painted surface should be sanded firstly. After one of the transition primers is used, proceed to the application of water based paint.
Formation of cracking and shrinkage in paint when applying second coat of synthetic paint.
Reason: Second coat paint is applied without waiting the first coat for drying during the application of synthetic paint.
Reason: Low quality thinner is used.
Solution: It should be waited for at least 24 hours according to the weather conditions after the first coat of paint is applied. This waiting period should be regarded as 48 hours in the winter. Then, the application of paint may be carried out.
Cracking of paint, spalling of paint from surface as dust.
Reason: Paint application is carried out under +5°C and in weather with frost hazard at night.
Reason: Paint application is carried out before waiting the plaster or concrete finish for drying.
Solution: You should be sure that surface is dry before proceeding to the paint application. Additionally, surface and environment temperature should be definitely over +5°C. When these conditions are fulfilled, paint should be applied after an appropriate primer is used.
Problem of water inlet from exterior surface.
Reason: Paint is applied without repairing cracks sufficiently or without any repair assuming that paint can hide the cracks on the exterior surface.
Solution: Cracks on the surface should be repaired using cement based repair pastes and Capatect Glass-Fiber Mash should be used as support when needed. Setting time of cement based materials should be obeyed. Then, primer of exterior surface paint and exterior surface paint itself should be applied. Exterior surface applications should be carried between +5°C and +30°C; surfaces should be protected against rain 12 hours before and after the paint application. Optimum solution for exterior surfaces is Capatect Dalmaçyalı Exterior Surface Thermal Insulation System which provides both water and heat insulation.
Blistering and spalling in exterior surface paint.
Reason: Paint is applied without primer
Reason: Water prevents paint to adhere on the surface since it passes behind the paint due to water inlet from cracks.
Solution: Appropriate surface preparation should be carried out; cracks should be repaired and primer and paint should be applied.
Texture mismatch in grained paint applications.
Reason: Roller brush is not suitable or application is carried out by different people.
Reason: Application is carried out under direct sunlight or conditions where waft is intensive.
Reason: Product is thinned.
Solution: Our grained paints should be used without thinning. A homogeneous texture may be obtained if applications are carried out with a coral roller brush and by the same person. Additionally, weather conditions should be regarded. Application should not be carried out under direct sunlight, in very hot weather and under conditions where waft is intensive.
Formation of dusting on exterior surfaces with exposed concrete or crude plaster.
Reason: Chemicals in concrete or plaster react with water and form dusting after the surface comes into contact with water.
Solution: Salts on the surface are removed. Our Disboxan 451 product is mixed with water at the rate of 1/1 and applied to the surface. Amphisilan Primer and Amphisilan Paint applications are carried out after 24 hours.
Inability of paint to adhere on exposed concrete surfaces.
Reason: There is molding oil on exposed concrete surface.
Solution: Firstly, molding oil on exposed concrete surface should be removed with warm soft soap. Primer and paint application should be started after the surface gets dry.
General problems such as adherence, hiding efficiency, roller brush traces, cracking, etc.
Reason: Wrong primer is used. acrylic paste, transparent primer is used on surfaces with paste with glytolyn or old paint. Pigmented primers are used on surfaces with satin primer, lime, whitewash, etc.
Solution: Alpina Primer or Alpina Paste Primer should be used on surfaces with acrylic paste, old paint or paste with glytolyn; Alpina Transparent Primer or Betek Satin Gypsum Primer should be used on surfaces with absorbent and dusting characteristics like satin plaster, lime, whitewash, etc.
Blistering and spalling in exterior surface paint of building footings.
Reason: Water insulation measurements are not taken sufficiently around the building during groundbreaking.
Solution: As a permanent solution, building surrounding should be opened till the footings, Capatect Bitumenflex should be applied as two coats beginning from the footings to a height of 30 cm above ground level and the top surface should be protected with 3-5 cm cheap styropor before the last coat dries; at the footing level, drainage pipes should be installed around the building and these pipes should be connected to the manholes. Water effects coming from the building surrounding will be protected with this method.
Problem of water inlet from roof and terrace.
Reason: Water insulation measurements are not taken sufficiently at roof and terrace.
Solution: Water insulation should be implemented by using our appropriate insulation products (Capatect Water Holder, Capatect Fibrated Water Holder, Capatect Bitumenflex, Capatect Polycrete, Capatect Membrane) according to the situation of roof and terrace.
Formation of whitening similar to dusting after paint on mineral based coatings.
Reason: Sudden changes of weather conditions before setting time of mineral coating is up. Application of paint without primer.
Reason: Sudden changes of weather conditions before setting time of mineral coating is up. (Rapid decrease at temperature or rain etc.)
Solution: Surface should be cleaned with warm water and a tool like car washing brush. A mixture of 1 cup Capatect Disboxan 451 and1 cup of water should be applied and one coat of top coat paint or one coat of paint (if silicone paint was used) should be applied on it.
What is Dry Blasting-Falling As Dust and how is it eliminated?
It means paint and varnish falling on the surface as dust. Reason: The paint gun (sprayer) is held away from the surface during the application and applied at a high pressure; viscosity of paint and varnish is very high or thinner is not suitable.
Solution: Reasons causing the problem should be regarded; sanding should be applied with a sandpaper no. 400-600 and one coat application should be carried out again.
What is Oranging and how is it eliminated?
It means formation of film in the appearance of orange peel by paint or varnish on the surface they are applied. Reason: Application viscosity is high, thinner is not appropriate, application pressure is very high, difference of temperature between paint and surface is excessive, paint gun is held very close to the surface, thick application is carried out.
Solution: Reasons causing the problem should be regarded; sanding should be applied with a sandpaper no. 400-600 and one coat application should be carried out again under suitable conditions.
What is Boiling and how is it eliminated?
It means formation of surface defects like pinhead-like poles or small air bubbles on surfaces where paint and varnish are applied. Reason: Unsuitable thinner is used, very thick application is carried in hot weathers, second coat is applied before waiting for the sufficient drying time of first coat application.
Solution: In paint and varnish applications, second coat should be applied either just after the first coat application (in 5-10 minutes) or after waiting minimum 5-6 hours, Filli Boya Retarder should be added into the paint or varnish at the rate of 3-5% in very hot weather. On surfaces having boiling problems, reasons causing the problem should be regarded; sanding should be applied with a sandpaper no. 400-600 for these problematical surfaces and one coat application should be carried out again under suitable conditions.
Why do openings in the forms of crater-globules occur and how are they eliminated?
They are openings and collapses in the form of craters on surfaces where paint and varnish are applied. Reason: Silicone based material (wax-polish) is used in the area paint application; oil, water is mixed into the paint or varnish from the compressor; there are sources of dirt on the surface painted, such as oil or sweat.
Solution: Wax-polish application should never be carried out before or after paint or varnish is applied on application area. In such cases, sanding operating should be carried out on these problematic surfaces very well using sandpaper no. 400-600 and paint should be applied as one coat one more time regarding the reasons causing the problem.
Why do spilling and hanging occur and how are they eliminated?
They occur with the formation of an uneven film in the form of spilling by the paint on vertical or curved surfaces. Reason: Very thick paint is applied at one time on vertical and curved surfaces; application viscosity of paint is very low, paint gun is held at various different angles at a steep angle from the surface or in different ways, so paint and varnish accumulate on one spot.
Solution: Paint and varnish viscosity should be regarded; application should be carried out as thin coats especially on vertical surfaces; distance between paint gun and surface should be 20cm for normal operations and 30cm for high pressed operations. In such cases, sanding operating should be carried out on these problematic surfaces very well using sandpaper no. 400-600 and paint should be applied as one coat one more time regarding the reasons causing the problem. One of them may be applied as two coats.
Why does delay of sanding time occur and how is it eliminated?
It occurs when there is unsuitability for applied primer paint and filling varnish for sanding within the period stated by the manufacturing company or according to the time expected by the consumer. Reason: Mixing ratio stated by the manufacturing company is not obeyed for two component paints; ambient temperature is very low; wood or ambient is very moist; a very thick application is carried out; above all, the product or system is not well known in terms of suitability for sanding.
Solution: Before application, mixing ratios should be performed properly, application should not be performed at excessive moisture and cold and application should not be very thick. Regarding the selection of system and brand, since drying time is long as curing occurs with chemical reaction in Polyurethane and Acrylic systems, it should be also noticed that these systems become suitable for sanding late, sanding time is 6-8 hours at the summer, 24-72 hours in the winter and the ones which dry earlier than those times which are normal by chemical structure probably contain modified resin. However, the time needed by original Polyurethane or Acrylic varnish or paint to become suitable for sanding may be shortened by heating.
Why does difficulty of sanding occur and how is it eliminated?
It occurs with the situation that sanding operation of applied primer or filling varnish is later, harder, more tiring than expected by the consumer, making the dusting insufficient and obstructing the sandpaper to move on the surface. Reason: A hardener is used in large or small quantities or a different brand of hardener is used during the application of primer or filling varnish; sanding is carried out before or too late after the normal suitability time for sanding.
Solution: Mixing ratios stated by the manufacturing company should be obeyed accurately; a correct and same brand hardener should always be used. Sanding operations should not be carried out much earlier than the time stated by the manufacturing company, before the film becomes hard or after the film becomes too hard.
Why easy scratch and low mar resistance occur and how are they eliminated?
They occur due to the state of applied top coat paint or varnish to be scratched easier and quicker than normal. Reason: Hardener is used in small quantity during the application of Polyurethane or Acrylic systems; drying and/or curing is not completed yet.
Solution: During application, hardeners in correct type and quantity should be used in Polyurethane and Acrylic systems; painted and varnished surfaces should not be exposed to physical effects since paint or varnish film will become hard under the conditions and within the time stated by the manufacturer.
How does insufficient glossiness occur and how is it eliminated?
It means the inability to obtain the desired glossiness and vividness on a surface after top coat paint or varnish is applied. Reason: A surface filler at the sufficient level and quality is not applied according to the surface and type of wood; incompliance of top coat or varnish with the surface filler; surface filler does not have the sufficient capacities of stiffness, filling and spreading; a low-quality and inappropriate thinner is used for top coat qualities; top coat application is not at the sufficient thickness.
Solution: Before applying top coat gloss paint or varnish, always use surface fillers of sufficient quality. High-quality thinner should be used on properly prepared surfaces and the top coat should be applied with a sufficient film thickness. A sandpaper no.400-600 should be used for the surfaces you cannot obtain the sufficient glossiness and top coat paint or varnish should be applied one more time regarding the reasons above.
How does inability to obtain the standard opacity occur and how is it eliminated?
It occurs with the state of matte/silky top coat or varnish generating more opaque or gloss appearance than expected. Reason: Paint or varnish to be applied is not mixed properly before usage; a hardener or thinner at the stated rate is not used; thinner quality is not appropriate; surface has an insufficiently cured or improperly filled structure.
Solution: A sandpaper no.400-600 should be used for the problematic surfaces and top coat paint or varnish should be applied one more time regarding the reasons above.
Why does milking-whitening occur and how is it eliminated?
It occurs due to the appearance of smoked-whitish on the surface after the application of top coat paint or varnish. Reason: Paint and varnish applications are carried out in an ambient with high humidity; inappropriate thinner is used.
Solution: Applications should be applied in environments with high humidity; if application is necessary, a RETARDER should be added to the paint or varnish at a rate of 3-5%; a thinner which is produced by the manufacturing company should always be used. A sandpaper no.400-600 should be used for the problematic surfaces and top coat paint or varnish should be applied one more time regarding the reasons above.
How can I revive old paint jobs on my furniture?
Furniture paints and varnished are products which require professional application equipment and professional application work. They are not suitable for amateur applications. Therefore, you need to receive support from manufacturer furniture companies to renovate your painted and varnished furniture.
Does new furniture emit odour?
Furniture painted and varnished using furniture paints and varnishes should be rested for one week in a well-ventilated environment after painting under appropriate application conditions. Furniture which is not produced under these conditions may emit odour for a while if they placed in closed places like homes or offices just after the paint application. In this case, open the windows in the area and the covers and drawers of your furniture and ventilate the environment your furniture is placed in efficiently for minimum one week.
Can I apply furniture paints and varnishes by myself?
Furniture paints and varnished are products which require professional application equipment and professional application work. They are not suitable for amateur applications. These applications should be carried out under appropriate application conditions by experienced people.
Furniture painted with what type of products should I choose for kids’ rooms and other rooms for my children's health?
Studies carried out reveal that children try to identify objects by tasting them with their mouths until a certain age. Therefore, it is highly important to use harmless products conforming to EN 71/3 standard for furniture in living spaces, particularly in kids’ rooms. EN 71/3 is a European Union standard which considers contact with mouth and imposes heavy metal restrictions. Vital Water Based Furniture Paints and Varnishes conform to this standard. You can supply vital painted products from Vital Certificated furniture companies.
What is lead and what are the danger of lead in paints?
Lead is a heavy metal which cannot be discharged when it gets into the body. Lead in paints accumulates in the body over the course of time and cause serious health problems (such as irregular heartbeats, pregnancy miscarriage, stunted growth in children, loss of memory and balance, speech disorders, etc.). People living in places with furniture painted with leaded paints are exposed to this hazard. Filli Boya Furniture Paint and Varnish products have always been lead-free for consumers since the first day of production.